Instrumentalnaya str., 6
St Petersburg, 197022
PH: 7 (812) 234 27 31
Fax: 7 (812) 234 98 59
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Fullerene-Based Materials and Production Equipment
Innovations of Leningrad Institutes and Enterprises, Closed Joint Stock Company (ILIP CJSC) was founded in 1989.
Since 2002, ILIP has been working on the systemic development of carbon nanotechnology. Their unique teams of scientists, designers, analysts and managers have created highly effective manufacturing technologies for a broad range of carbon nanoclusters, as well as technologies for their application.
In addition to its scientific potential, ILIP has extensive experience in commercial sales (including abroad) and the practical implementation of manufacturing technologies and applications of carbon-based nanomaterials.
ILIP is currently completing the construction of a modern flexible high-tech facility, specialising in carbon-based nanomaterials and new high-tech polymers. This plant, located in Kirishi (Leningrad region), will produce polymer products with unique performance characteristics, imparted through modification by fullerene-based nanoadditives.
Their work in the innovations market has resulted in the successful completion of more than 1,500 innovative projects, including ones for the Foundation for Assistance to Small Innovative Enterprises. ILIP is an authorised organisation of the Foundation for the Northwestern Federal District START Program (funding start-up projects).
Innovations of Leningrad Institutes and Enterprises (ILIP CJSC) was founded in 1989. ILIP’s shareholders include:
- Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI"
- Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University
- Pavlov State Medical University of Saint Petersburg
- Saint Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics
- Russian State University of Innovation Technologies and Entrepreneurship (RGUITP)
- OAO Research Institute of Electrical Measuring Instruments (ELECTROMERA Research Institute)
- Sudostroenie Publishing House
ILIP started as a comprehensive support structure for small and medium sized businesses in the field of innovations, and has successfully completed more than 1,500 innovative projects from 1989 to this day, including the projects for the Foundation for Assistance to Small Innovative Enterprises.
Сurrently ILIP CJSC is mainly working on developing carbon nanotechnology. Work began in 2002, when the company was commissioned by an Italian company Job Joint s.r.l. to design, manufacture and supply equipment for fullerene C60 producing with an intellectual property package to Italy. After hiring a unique team of scientists for the project, ILIP CJSC continued researching carbon nanotechnology. This work resulted in the creation of new technologies, industrial machinery and production of fullerenes and fulleroid structures, which were inexpensive to make, highly efficient, required little energy and had low production costs. By solving these issues, ILIP’s unique team of chemical engineers, physicists, technicians, designers, academics and professors created the technology for using these structures, and helped shape the market for nanocarbon products.
ILIP has eight permanent research groups in various areas of research in the field of carbon nanotechnology. Group leaders include eminent chemists, physicists, professors and doctors of science, well-known in Russia and abroad. Project works also involve experts from leading Saint Petersburg universities.
Their unique team of scientists, designers, analysts and managers allows us to undertake comprehensive research, development and consulting operations on behalf of our clients, from assistance in carrying out research on various applications of carbon-based nanomaterials to the construction of turnkey factories.
FASIE Foundation office
Since 1994, ILIP CJSC has been an official representative of the Saint Petersburg Foundation for Assistance to Small Innovative Enterprises, selecting innovative projects for funding.
Since 2004, ILIP CJSC has served as an authorised representative office of the Foundation for the Northwestern Federal District, overseeing the START Program (funding for start-up projects). 683 projects have been financed within this program upon the recommendation of the ILIP Company.
Technologies and Services
ILIP Company is a developer of state-of-the-art production technologies and applications for carbon-based nanomaterials.
They offer services in research, development, design, production, protection of intellectual property, business consulting, and delivery of fullerenes and fulleroid materials and ready-to-use nanomodifiers for various applications.
Carbon nanotechnology is a technology that uses fullerenes, nanotubes and other similar structures (carbon framework structures or carbon nanoclusters).
Nanomodifiers based on carbon frame structures have the ability to modify the properties of other materials. The final product obtained as a result of chemical interaction and subsequent treatment, acquires new consumer properties and performance characteristics, with improved mechanical, tribological, physical, chemical, and electrical characteristics, as well as the acoustic and optical properties of different materials.
ILIP Company has created industrial technology for the production of nanostructured antistatic and anti-friction polymers, technologies for nanomodifications of water-soluble paints and varnishes and epoxy resins, with ongoing research and feasibility studies in a number of other areas. Equipment and technological processes have been patented in the Russian Federation or are the company’s own know-how.
Nanotechnology operates on objects, comparable in size to atoms and measuring from 1 to 100 nm. The use of nanometre-sized particles changes our concept of what is possible in medicine, electronics and technology. Nanotechnology is one of the most promising and rapidly developing areas of science today.
Carbon nanotechnology is a technology using fullerenes, nanotubes and other similar structures (carbon framework structures). In 1997, Richard E. Smalley, R. F. Curl Jr., and Sir Harold W. Kroto received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their study of light fullerene molecules C60 and C70.
The three-dimensional spherical fullerene molecule has unique physical, chemical and physico-chemical properties, including:
- electrical (semiconductor, conductor and superconductor under certain conditions);
- optical (photochromic effect, change in light transmission depending on intensity);
- chemical (ability to form compounds with many different sorts of material, the ability to retain other substances inside the molecule and the ability to absorb free radicals);
- biological (fullerenes are relatively safe and inert, and yet have properties that allow the substance to create active derivatives).
This set of special properties varies depending on the type of materials with fullerenes or fulleroid fragments and provides for a very broad scope for their application.
The closed technological cycle used at ILIP CJSC makes it possible to produce the following types of carbon-based nanomaterials:
- Individual fullerene C60 with substance content of 99.5% and higher, including super-pure sublimed fullerene C60;
- Individual fullerene C70 with substance content of 98% and higher;
- Mixture of individual C60 and C70 fullerenes with substance content of 99.5% and higher;
- Dry extract of a mixture of heavy fullerenes with substance content of 98% and higher;
- Fullerene soot containing 10-11% of fullerenes;
- Washed fullerene soot, left after the extraction of fullerenes;
- Mixture of heavy fullerenes (C76, C78, C84 and above);
- Hydrated fullerene (fullerenol) C60(OH) n (n ~ 18-22).
The fullerenes and fulleroid products are used to develop new modifiers and create hi-tech materials with certain improved properties.
The Company has begun industrial production of carbon-based nanomaterials.
The unique structure of fullerenes determines their unique physical and chemical properties, as well as numerous potential fields of application. Fullerenes and fullerene blends can be used as modifiers to create materials with specific parameters that are in demand in various fields: chemistry, pharmacology and medicine, construction, engineering, optics, ecology, power, the food industry, cosmetics, etc.
Carbon nanomodifiers can modify the properties of other materials. The final product obtained as a result of chemical interaction and subsequent treatment acquires new consumer properties and performance characteristics. Improvements can affect the mechanical, tribological, physical, chemical, and electrical characteristics, as well as the acoustic and optical properties of different materials.
Nanomodification or nanostructuring has a complex effect on the properties of the material. For instance, the polymer increases hardness, strength (tensile, tear and bending resistance), modules of elasticity, impact strength, reduced coefficient of friction (against steel or nanopolymer itself) and the coefficients of tear resilience, increased wear resistance (dry and wet friction) and fracture toughness; increased melting, softening and destruction points; increased frost resistance, chemical resistance (in terms of electrochemical and gas corrosion, oxidizing agents, acids and alkalis) and light resistance (for visible and ultraviolet light) decreased volumetric and surface specific electric resistance, increased dielectric capacity, increased electrical strength, etc.
ILIP CJSC’s flexible high-tech manufacturing facilities produce nanomodifiers for paints and varnishes, epoxy resins, polymers and other materials in accordance with customer specifications.
ILIP CJSC has created the technology for producing fullerene-modified polyamide-6 / caprolon (FMC):
Antistatic FMC, with levels of specific resistance reduced 6 or 7 fold, dielectric coefficient increased 3 to 10 fold, and voltage resistance increased 2 or 3 fold, with all other characteristics constant.
This material can be used in hazardous industries (mining, ore processing, textile, flour-making, and chemical manufacturing facilities); it is 2 or 3 times cheaper than similar products available on the market, and can be produced in large quantities (technologically). This modification can be used to replace metal rollers for conveyors in hazardous industries.
Antifriction FMC reduces the friction factor by 2 ½ times (compared to caprolon, which is 6 times lower than steel), doubles durability , increases the destruction temperature by 30°C, reduces rub mark coefficients by 30-50 relative percent, with the other characteristics held constant. This material can be used as a replacement for friction parts made of metal. This modification could gain up to a 50-60% share of the caprolon market.
The strength and elasticity of the material can be increased for all modifications by 30 - 100 relative percent.
ILIP has been working to expand its package of intellectual property rights. As of today, ILIP and the ILIP's Small Business Group have dozens of patents and officially documented know-hows.
- Licenses for intellectual property and know-how for manufacturing fullerenes and other carbon nanoclusters;
- Documentation on manufacturing fullerenes and other carbon nanoclusters (to the extent necessary).
- Intellectual property licenses and know-how for manufacturing the nanocarbon modifier used to impart the required properties to a particular material.
- Licenses for intellectual property and know-how for using technology of applying nanocarbon modifiers to impart the required properties to a particular material.
- Invention patent No. 2307068 “Method for Producing Nanocarbon Materials”, approved on 16.03.2007;
- Invention patent No. 2302372. “Method for Chromatographic Separation of Fullerenes”, approved on 15.12.2006;
- Invention patent No. 2296707 “Method for Chromatographic Concentration of Fullerenes”, approved on 04.10.2006;
- Utility model patent No. 55627, “Solid-Phase Extractor”, approved on 14.04.2006;
- Invention patent No. 2316571 “Polyamide Composite Materials (Variants)”, approved on 27.06.2007;
- Invention patent No. 2323239 “Method for Applying Polymer Coatings for Surface Protection against Weather Effects”, approved on 25.09.2007;
- Invention patent No. 2373992 “Method for Producing Sorbents for the Separation of fullerenes”, approved on 19.05.2009;
- Invention patent No. 2394860 “Method for Applying Fluoropolymer Coatings for Surface Protection”, approved on 01.02.2010;
- Invention patent No. 2418741 “Method for the Production of Fullerene Soot and Devices for Applying This Method”, approved on 24.11.2010;
- Invention patent No. 2416623 “Polyamide Composite Material (Options)”- Anti-Static, approved on 22.11.2010;
- Invention Patent No. 2434033 “Polyamide Composite Material, Modified with Fullerene Filling (Variants)”, approved on 3.5.2011;
- Invention Patent No. 2427674 “Method for Producing Carbon Structures by Catalytic Pyrolysis”, filed on 08.12.2009, approved on 03.03.2011;
- Invention Patent No. 2284983 “Method for the Heterogeneous Catalytic Processing of a Gas Mixture Predominantly Containing Methane”, approved on 12.05.2006;
- Invention Patent No. 2429858 “Medical Fullerene Solution for External Use and a Method for Producing It”, approved on 24.03.2011.
Technology – commercial proposals
ILIP CJSC has extensive experience in the commercialization of industrial production technologies and applications of carbon nanomaterials. Their unique team of scientists, designers, analysts and managers allows us to implement custom-made comprehensive projects in the field of research, development and consulting, from assistance in implementing research projects on various applications of carbon nanomaterials to industrial facility construction.
ILIP provides the following fulleroid material applications:
- Polymers and Plastics
- Paints and varnishes
- Epoxy resin
- Sorbents with high specific capacity and surface.
- Other areas by request (in accordance with your technical specifications).
Equipment - commercial proposals
ILIP designs, manufactures and delivers equipment for industrial production of fullerene-containing materials (fullerene soot, fullerene mixture, individual fullerenes C60, C70,… C84..., hydrated fullerenes (fullerenols)):
- Waste-free factory producing a comprehensive range of fullerene-containing materials;
- Waste-free shop manufacturing a comprehensive range of fullerene-containing materials;
- Waste-free laboratory for manufacturing a comprehensive range of fullerene-containing materials.
The equipment can be adapted in scale in accordance to customer requirements. The technology is patent clean, with patented know-how in key business processes.
Other applications for nanomodifiers
Application of various types of nanomodifiers makes it possible to improve critical performance indicators of epoxy resin.
Advantages compared to existing similar products:
- Increased impact strength;
- Increased resistance to tearing and stretching;
- Reduced metal friction coefficient;
- Increased friction durability;
- Improved adhesion to various materials;
- Increased softening temperature;
- Increased conductivity (lower electrical resistance).
- Technology protection (intellectual property);
- Equipment for modifier production;
- Work on modifications to achieve the epoxy resin properties, required by the client, and composite materials based on it.
Water-soluble varnishes and paints
Properties of Modified Paints and Coatings:
- High durability;
- Almost 100% inertness to atmospheric effects;
- Very good adhesion to virtually all materials;
- Smoothly and evenly distributed over the surface;
- Almost fully protect the surface from corrosion, when used for protection of external structures from acid rain and aggressive gases (SO2, NO2, H2S, etc.).
- Protection of technology (intellectual property);
- Equipment for the production of modifiers;
- Work on optimizing the technology in accordance with customer requirements.
Innovations of Leningrad Institutes and Enterprises, CJSC has been working on constructing a modern, flexible, knowledge-intensive facility, specialising in carbon nanomaterials and new high-tech polymers. This plant, located in Kirishi (Leningrad Region), will produce polymer products with unique performance characteristics, imparted trough modification by fullerene-based nanoadditives.
The project is funded by the Russian Bank for Small and Medium Enterprises Support as part of the Financing for Innovation and Modernisation Program, which aims to support innovations and the creation of industrial facilities using state-of-the-art technologies.
The first stage, consisting of the launch of pilot production, fine-tuning of the technology has already been implemented and financed through our own investments. An experimental production facility was set up, making it possible to produce pilot batches of conveyor rollers made of nanomodified polyamide. All the necessary approvals have been obtained and the intellectual property has been protected.
The launch of the first production line (fullerene soot, fullerene mixture and highly pure fullerene C60 and C70, as well as a mixture of higher fullerenes) has been scheduled for November 25, 2011. In early 2012 the plant will start producing a wide range of parts and products of various modifications of nanostructured polyamide-6.
Conveyor rollers made of FMC (fullerene modified caprolon) are the main product to be made on the new production facility. FMC bearings and FMC materials are associated goods.
These rollers will be used in the following market segments: the mining sector (mining equipment), oil refining, the pulp and paper industry, airport facilities, metallurgy (rolled metal products), the chemical industry, etc. Potential markets include the spinning and weaving industries and the energy sector, especially small-scale hydroelectric facilities.
In the future, this flexible, knowledge-intensive production facility will be expanded, production lines of nanomodified varnishes, paints, and epoxy resins, etc. will be added.
For more information contact:ILIP CJSC
Office of the General Director,
Tel/fax: +7 (812) 334-58-58