Nanomembranes, An Overview of Nanomembranes Including Definition, Applications and Fabrication Techniques

Topics Covered

Background

Biomimetics and Nanomembranes

Applications

Fabricating Nanomembranes

Background

Nanomembranes can be defined as filters that separate liquids and gases at the molecular level.

Biomimetics and Nanomembranes

Although nanotechnology is a relatively new science, the idea of filtering at the nanoscale using a membrane is nothing new. It is a biomimetic process copied directly from nature. Living cells use a form of nanomembrane to function. These processes include the transfer of salts from blood and the transport of oxygen to and carbon dioxide from cells.

Nanomembranes are commonly made from organic polymer based nanocomposites with a thickness less than 100nm. Such nanomembranes include organic polymers combined with a mesh of silica nanoparticles. The size of the holes in the mesh restricts or allows the passage of different sized molecules.

Applications

Applications for nanomembranes include :

•        Desalination of sea water

•        Purification of polluted water

•        Removal of carbon dioxide and other pollutants from exhaust gases

•        Sensors in MEMS

Fabricating Nanomembranes

Nanomembranes are commonly fabricated using Layer-by-Layer (LbL) assembly methods. This method give precise control over the in plane composition of the membrane and allows for the addition of a range of components to be added to the membrane. These components include nanoparticles and nanotubes that can tailor the mechanical, optical and electronic properties of the nanomembrane.

Source: AZoNano

For more information on this source please visit AZoNano

 

Date Added: Jan 25, 2007 | Updated: Jun 11, 2013
Tell Us What You Think

Do you have a review, update or anything you would like to add to this article?

Leave your feedback
Submit