Characterization of Green Chemical Polymer using XE-100 Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) by Park Systems

Topics Covered

About Park Systems
Polymerization of Amphyphilic Alkyl Tyrosine Derivatives
Investigation of Sub-Nano Scale Polymers

About Park Systems

Park Systems is the Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) technology leader, providing products that address the requirements of all research and industrial nanoscale applications. With a unique scanner design that allows for the True Non-Contact imaging in liquid and air environments, all systems are fully compatible with a lengthy list of innovative and powerful options. All systems are designed with ease-of-use, accuracy and durability in mind, and provide your customers with the ultimate resources for meetiong all present and future needs.

Boasting the longest history in the AFM industry, Park Systems' comprehensive portfolio of products, software, services and expertise is matched only by our commitment to our customers.

Polymerization of Amphyphilic Alkyl Tyrosine Derivatives

Enzymatic polymerization of self-assembling amphyphilic alkyl tyrosine derivatives from emulsions results in water-soluble polymers which are more easily processable than highly crosslinked polyphenols. Polymers of DELT yield thin films when spread on the surface of water. This surface activity may be exploited to eliminate organic solvents and other toxic reagents currently used in polymer coating applications. Such coatings provide both chemical protection and electrical insulation of gold-covered metallic conductors during subsequent processing. The aqueous based coatings are of interest as environmentally friendly and cost-effective replacements for epoxy-based coatings currently employed in microelectronics.

Figure 1. Non-contact AFM image of Green Chemical Polymer taken by the XE-100 (5 µm and 20 µm scan size). Image Courtesy of Dr. Jun Seok Lee and Prof. Changmo Sung, Univ. of Mass., Lowell.

Figure 2. Images of microstructures for DELT bead formation on the gold-coated mica by NC-AFM (5 µm scan size). NC-AFM image shows fine details on each small bead.

Investigation of Sub-Nano Scale Polymers

Sub-nano scale polymer samples are investigated without damage to the surface using Non-Contact AFM, Figure 1. Irregular spherical aggregates below and above 1 µm in diameter were observed bound to the gold covered mica substrates. The small features on the bead surface are proof of the micellular structure of DELT, which could only be detected by the high performance of the XE-100 AFM. The three dimensional view given in Figure 2, can be much more helpful than regular electron microscopy in understanding height information of this unique round shaped sample. The coverage of the polymer surface was examined using different scan areas. Using AFM, we can investigate the nano texture on the surface of each bead more effectively than with SEM.

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