Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) Nanoparticles - Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Manufacturing Process
Applications

Introduction

The use of nanoparticles in biological, chemical, and industrial areas is growing constantly with researchers working on discovering more of their properties.

This article discusses the properties and applications of calcium carbonate nanoparticles.

Calcium is a Block S, Period 4 element, carbon is a Block P, Period 2 element, and oxygen is a Block P, Period 2 element.

Calcium carbonate is a commonly occurring substance in rocks. Calcium carbonate nanoparticles mostly are manufactured in paste form. They are graded as an irritant.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of calcium carbonate nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol CaCO3
CAS No. 471-34-1
Group Calcium 2
Carbon 14
Oxygen 16
Electronic configuration Calcium [Ar] 4s2
Carbon [He] 2s2 2p2
Oxygen [He] 2s2 2p4
Chemical Composition
Element Content (%)
Calcium 40
Carbon 12
Oxygen 48

Physical Properties

The physical properties of calcium carbonate nanoparticles are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 2.93 g/cm3 0.105 lb/in3
Molar mass 100.09 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of calcium carbonate nanoparticles are provided in the table below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting point 825°C 1517°F

Manufacturing Process

Calcium carbonate nanoparticles can be synthesized by precipitation from calcium nitrate aqueous solution and saturated sodium carbonate solution. The nanoparticles can be characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The calcium and carbonate ion concentrations help to control the size of the nanoparticles.

Applications

The key applications of calcium carbonate nanoparticles are as follows:

  • In drug delivery by loading with hydrophilic protein drugs
  • For potential imaging purposes
  • In coatings, nanowires, plastics, and alloy and catalyst applications.

Source: AZoNano
 

Date Added: Apr 5, 2013 | Updated: Jul 11, 2013
Comments
  1. Raja Guluru Raja Guluru India says:

    What are the magnetic properties of CaCO3?

    • Will Soutter Will Soutter AZoNetwork Team Member says:

      Hi Raja - CaCO3 is diamagnetic, with a molar susceptibility of -3.82 x 10^-5 cm3/mol

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of AZoNano.com.
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