Lithium Vanadate (LiVO3, Lithium Vanadium Oxide) Nanoparticles - Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Manufacturing Process
Applications

Introduction

Nanoparticles are becoming key components in a wide range of applications today, as they have a greater surface area per weight than larger particles which makes them highly reactive to some other molecules. This article discusses the properties and applications of lithium vanadate nanoparticles.

Lithium is a Block S, Period 2 element, vanadium is Block D, Period 4 element, and oxygen is a Block P, Period 2 element. Lithium vanadate is a good material for batteries due to its high specific energy, good cycle stability, and good rate capacity. Lithium vanadate nanoparticles appear as a white powder.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of lithium vanadate nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol LiVO3
CAS No. 15060-59-0
Group Lithium 1
Vanadium 5
Oxygen 16
Electronic configuration Lithium [He] 2s1
Vanadium [Ar] 3d3 4s2
Oxygen [He] 2s2 2p4
Chemical Composition
Element Content (%)
Lithium 6.5
Vanadium 48.1
Oxygen 45.4

Physical Properties

The physical properties of lithium vanadate nanoparticles are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Molar mass 105.88 g/mol -

Manufacturing Process

Lithium vanadate nanoparticles can be synthesized by controlling the pH of the lithium hydroxide solution of vanadium pentoxide using precipitation and hydrothermal processes.

Applications

Researchers are exploring the applications of lithium vanadate nanoparticles. The potential applications are as follows:

  • Developing polymer lithium ion (PLI) batteries
  • In a composite cathode for rechargeable lithium batteries to accelerate charge and discharge time as well as for their other potential catalytic, dielectric, magnetic, electrical, optical, biomedical and bioscience properties
  • In coatings, nanowires, nanofibers, plastics, and textiles
  • In alloy and catalyst applications.

Source: AZoNano

 

Date Added: Apr 10, 2013 | Updated: Sep 10, 2013
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