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Nickel Zinc Iron Oxide (NiZnFe2O4) Nanoparticles – Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Applications

Introduction

Nanoparticle research has progressed leaps and bounds mainly due to the unexpected properties exhibited by basic elements when their atomic and molecular properties are altered. Nanoparticles have made invaluable contribution to the field of pharmaceuticals, biomedicine, electronics and optics. This article will deal with the properties and applications of nickel zinc iron oxide nanoparticles.

Nickel zinc iron oxide (NiZnFe4O4) nanoparticles are available in carbon coated, high purity and dispersed forms. Nickel belongs to Block D, Period 4, zinc belongs to Block D, Period 4, iron belongs to Block D, Period 4 and oxygen belongs to Block P, Period 2 of the periodic table.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of nickel zinc iron oxide nanoparticles are given in the table below.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol NiZnFe4O4
CAS No 12645-50-0
Group Nickel 4
Zinc 12
Iron 8
Oxygen 16
Electronic configuration Nickel [Ar]3d8 4s2
Zinc [Ar] 3d10 4s2
Iron [Ar]3d64s2
Oxygen [He] 2s2 2p4
Chemical Composition
Element Content (%)
Nickel 19.6
Zinc 21.8
Iron 37.3
Oxygen 21.3

Physical Properties

Nickel zinc iron oxide nanoparticles appear in the form of a dark brown powder with a nearly spherical morphology. The table below lists the physical properties of these nanoparticles.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 2.81 g/cm3 0.101 lb/in3
Molar Mass 411.46 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of nickel zinc iron oxide nanoparticles cannot be determined.

Applications

The following are the chief applications of nickel zinc iron oxide nanoparticles:

  • Preparation of nickel cermet which is used as the anode layer of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
  • In lithium ion micro batteries as lithium nickel zinc iron cathode
  • In plastics, textiles, electro chromic coatings
  • In nanofiber, nanowire, alloys and catalyst applications.

Source: AZoNano

 

Date Added: Apr 18, 2013 | Updated: Sep 10, 2013
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