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Antimony (Sb) Nanoparticles - Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Manufacturing Process
Applications

Introduction

Nanoparticle research has the capacity to make a significant difference in the global market in the coming years. Researchers have already studied how properties of elements vary at very small particle sizes, and then used these particles to accomplish various functions. With the findings from several studies, researchers can now radically enhance everything from flexible electronics to life-saving medical processes.

Antimony can be found free in nature sometimes; however it is mainly obtained from the ores stibnite (Sb2S3) and valentinite (Sb2O3). Antimony is a Block P, Period 5 element. Antimony is a poor conductor of heat and electricity. It is known to increase the hardness and mechanical strength of lead alloys.

The morphology of antimony nanoparticles is spherical or faceted , and they appear a silvery colour.

Antimony nanoparticles are dangerous for the environment, thus the material should be handled with care. They are harmful if inhaled or swallowed by humans, and are toxic for aquatic life as well.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of antimony nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol Sb
CAS No. 7440-36-0
Group 15
Electronic configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3

Physical Properties

The physical properties of antimony nanoparticles are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 6.685 g/cm3 0.2415 lb/in3
Molar mass 121.75 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of antimony nanoparticles are provided in the table below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting point 630.63°C 1167.13°F
Boiling point 1587°C 2889°F

Manufacturing Process

Antimony nanoparticles can be manufactured using a facile electrochemical method. Bulk antimony electrode is dispersed under highly cathodic polarization in different media at room temperature without the need for precursor ions or organic capping agents.

The as-prepared antimony nanoparticles have to be immediately transferred into Sb–Sb2O3 core–shell nanoparticles during post treatment and characterization as surface oxidation of antimony nanoparticles by oxygen in the air occurs.

Applications

The following are the key applications of antimony nanoparticles:

  • Anti-friction alloys
  • Glass
  • Batteries
  • Small arms and tracer bullets
  • Cable sheathing
  • Paints and ceramic enamels
  • Flame-proofing compounds
  • Pottery glazes

Antimony-tin oxide nanoparticles can be added into coatings to provide scratch-resistance and offer transparent protection from UV radiation.

Source: AZoNano

Date Added: Mar 21, 2013 | Updated: Sep 10, 2013
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