The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has named
scientists Amanda Petford-Long, Orlando Auciello and Ali Erdemir as Distinguished
Fellows, the laboratory's highest scientific and engineering rank.
The Argonne Distinguished Fellow title is comparable in stature to an endowed
chair at a top-ranked university and recognizes exceptional contributions in
a person's field. The rank is given for sustained outstanding scientific and
engineering research and can also be associated with outstanding technical leadership
of major, complex, high-priority projects.
Petford-Long is the Director of Argonne’s Center for Nanoscale
Materials, a Department of Energy national user facility that provides capabilities
explicitly tailored to the creation and characterization of new functional materials
on the nanoscale. She holds a doctorate in materials science from University
of Oxford (1985) and a bachelor’s degree in physics from University College,
Her research interests include the dependence of magnetic, transport and optical
properties of layered ferroic films on microstructure and fabrication parameters.
The physical properties of the films are correlated with microstructure, magnetic
domain structure and composition profiles, determined using a range of high-resolution
electron-microscopy and position-sensitive atom probe techniques, including
Lorentz microscopy for imaging magnetic domains.
Orlando Auciello is a senior physicist at Argonne, working in the
Materials Science Division and the Center for Nanoscale Materials. He graduated
with a master’s degree (1973) and a doctorate (1976) in physics from the
Physics Institute “Dr. Balseiro” (Universidad Nacional de Cuyo,
Auciello is directing several basic and applied research programs in different
fields, including the science and technology of multicomponent oxide thin films
and application to devices such as ferroelectric memories, nanoscale CMOS devices,
photovoltaic energy generation/storage devices, high-frequency devices and piezoelectric
thin films for MEMS/NEMS devices.
His research also includes the science and technology of a novel ultrananocrystalline
diamond film, developed and patented at Argonne, and its application to multifunctional
devices such as RF MEMS/NEMS, electron field emitters, implantable biomedical
devices (artificial retinas), biosensors and mechanical pump seals.
Erdemir is a senior scientist with Argonne’s Energy Systems
Division. He earned a bachelor’s degree in metallurgy from Istanbul Technical
University (1976), Istanbul, Turkey, and a master’s degree (1982) and
a doctorate (1986) in materials engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology,
His research interests include surface engineering, tribology, lubrication,
superlubricity, nano-structured and nano-composite coatings, biomaterials, physical
and chemical vapor deposition, surface texturing, surface analysis, diamond
and diamondlike carbon films, engine tribology, invasive and implantable medical
devices, nanolubrication and various manufacturing technologies such as metal-cutting
and forming. His contributions in these areas have resulted in several breakthrough
discoveries and have had a significant positive impact on further understanding
of the fundamental friction and wear mechanisms of numerous novel materials,
coatings and lubricants, many of which are now used by industry.