Vanadium Oxide (V2O5) Nanoparticles – Properties, Applications

In the recent years, scientists have intensified their research in the field of nanoparticles mainly due to the innovative and unexpected results that are achieved through altering the atomic and molecular properties of various elements. This article looks into the properties and applications of vanadium oxide nanoparticles.

Vanadium forms a number of different compounds with oxygen, depending on the oxidation state of the vanadium metal. The most common of these are listed below - other stoichiometries can be found in vanadium oxide crystal phases in addition to these.

  • Vanadium (II) oxide (vanadium monoxide), VO
  • Vanadium (III) oxide (vanadium sesquioxide or trioxide), V2O3
  • Vanadium (IV) oxide (vanadium dioxide), VO2
  • Vanadium (V) oxide (vanadium pentoxide or vanadic anhydride), V2O5

The most stable, and therefore most common, form of vanadium oxide is vanadium (V) oxide, V2O5. Vanadium (V) oxide nanoparticles are available are dispersed, high purity carbon coated and nanofluid. Vanadium belongs to Block D, Period 4 while oxygen belongs to Block P, Period 2 of the periodic table.

Chemical Properties

The following tables list the chemical properties of vanadium oxide.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol V2O5
CAS No 1314-34-7
Group Vanadium 5
Oxygen 16
Electronic configuration Vanadium [Ar] 3d3 4s2
Oxygen [He] 2s2 2p4
Chemical Composition
Element Content (%)
Vanadium 56
Oxygen 44

Physical Properties

Vanadium oxide nanoparticles appear in the form of a black powder having a spherical surface. The physical properties of vanadium oxide are listed below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 4.339 g/cm3 0.156 lb/in3
Molar Mass 149.88 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of vanadium oxide nanoparticles are as below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting Point 1940°C 3524°F


Vanadium oxide is used extensively as a catalyst in many industrial chemical reactions. It is also used in the following applications:

  • In optical applications such as making of laser crystals
  • In nanofiber and nanowire applications
  • In the manufacture of some alloys and ceramics

This information has been sourced, reviewed and adapted from materials provided by Avantama Ltd - Nanoparticle Dispersions.

For more information on this source, please visit Avantama Ltd - Nanoparticle Dispersions.


  1. Kamal Kant Kamal Kant India says:

    i want to use vanadium oxide in super capacitor it is possible.

  2. Mahesh Shastri Mahesh Shastri India says:

    can you tell me what is the difference between V2+,V3+,V2O5+...
    Which material is suitable for sensor application

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