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Arizona, with a population of 6,482,505 as of 2011, is located in the southwestern region of the United States and covers a total area of 295,234 km2.
In the past, Arizona’s economy depended on cotton, cattle farming, copper mining, tourism and citrus cultivation. The state’s current revenue generating sectors include transportation and health care sectors. Arizona’s per capita income is $40,828 and its 2011 GSP was $259 billion.
A brief introduction to the key nanotechnology-related organizations in Arizona is given below:
Arizona Nanotechnology Cluster - A non-profit organization that promotes business development and shares technological innovations in the field of nanotechnology. This organization provides lectures on nanotechnology in order to educate the public about the significance and benefits of nanotechnology.
Center for Responsible Nanotechnology - A non-profit research organization that focuses on increasing the level of awareness about the advantages and dangers of using advanced nanotechnology and also about the varied ways of how to use advanced nanotechnology.
The major nanotechnology-related companies in Arizona are listed below along with a brief introduction to each of them:
SiO2 Nanotech LLC - SiO2 Nanotech, LLC was incubated in March 2010, from SiO2 Associates, an informal partnership. They take their developed technology from the laboratory to fabrication! They insert patented technologies into specific manufacturing or fabrication lines. To accomplish this, they adapt their innovative and practical solutions such as our VitreOx™ and Wet Nanobonding™ technologies. Their range of patented technologies and applications range from the following applications, but not limited to: electronics, medical/surgical devices, solar cells, sport/occupational wear.
Dupont Air Products Nanomaterials - DA NanoMaterials manufactures chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) slurries for the semiconductor and wafer polishing industries. Headquartered in Tempe, Ariz., with regional headquarters in Hsinchu County, Taiwan, the company operates state-of-the-art applications and formulation laboratories in Tempe and Taiwan. DA NanoMaterials has established a portfolio of products for copper CMP, tungsten CMP, shallow trench isolation (STI) CMP and wafer polishing applications.
Nanoscience Instruments - Nanoscience Instruments provides solutions to scientists, engineers, and educators around the world. Their products and services serve the fast growing field of nanoscience, with a focus on scanning probe microscopy and nanoscale surface analysis instrumentation.
Their products span a wide range of applications. They have customers in education, industrial R&D and QA, as well as academic and government research. Their technical staff averages over 10 years experience in nanoscience applications.
NanoLight Technology - Nanolight Technology is a biotechnology company developing broad applications of natural, light-emitting marine proteins, or marine bioluminescence. The NanoLight division is focused on becoming the leader in high-value reagent & reporter systems for new product development in the pharmaceutical, agrichemical, and research products industries.
Valuable life science uses for NanoLight’s technology include high-throughput drug discovery, functional genomics, tumor imaging, replacement of radioisotopes, and molecular diagnostics. One particularly exciting application is the ability to use NanoLight’s reporter systems to “illuminate” gene and molecular function within living cells, allowing pharmaceutical companies a revolutionary method to study drug activity.
SDC Materials - Founded in 2004, SDCmaterials, Inc is a privately held company focused on creating and commercializing high value nano-enhanced products. They target applications where they can deliver compelling benefits to end-users of their products.
The cornerstone of the company is their novel Rapid Material Synthesis System which can fabricate a wide variety of discrete or composite nanomaterials with unique physical properties in extremely short development cycles.
Some of the leading academic institutes in Arizona offering courses and research programs in nanoscience and nanotechnology are listed below:
Arizona State University - Offers a Professional Science Master Program in Nanoscience and promotes the awareness of nanotechnology through the following nanotech centers:
Arizona Initiative for Nano-Electronics (AINE) - A network of research centers focused on the research conducted by Arizona State University on topics such as computational nanoscience, nanophotonics, nanoionics and molecular electronics.
Center for Nanotechnology in Society - Transfers the implications and goals of nanoscale science and engineering to researchers and the general public by engaging in appropriate discussions and providing training on new social dimensions of nanoscale science and engineering to a community of scholars.
The centre also conducts research on the societal aspects of nanotechnologies and collaborates with nanoscale science and engineering laboratories to enhance the development and research process in the filed of nanotechnology.
ASU NanoFab - A multi-disciplinary and multi-user facility that can be accessed by both external and internal users. NanoFab provides a wide range of characterization and processing tools to companies, individuals and government labs.
The University of Arizona - The Center for Applied nanobioscience and medicine applies all the improvements in microelectromechanical systems, nanoscience, genomics and molecular biology to a develop sensors and tools based on microscale and nano technologies.
Researchers from Arizona State University contributed to a project at the U.S. Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to develop a method of determining the atomic structure of biological nanocrystals using an X-ray laser. The images generated have a femtosecond-scale time resolution, and the process causes no radiation damage to the material, which is crucial for accurate imaging of delicate biological matter.
Another innovative nanotechnology discovery was brought about by a researcher from the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University. This researcher discovered a new technique to measure catalytical reactions of single nanoparticles and multiple particles printed in arrays. This improves upon previous techniques, which were only able to measure the average catalytic performance for a sample of nanoparticles. The additional data available will allow more effective characterisation and design of nanocatalysts.
These discoveries and research highlight the intense research in nanotechnology and the continuous efforts of researchers, companies and educators to spread awareness about nanotechnology products and techniques in Arizona. This suggests that Arizona is likely to become an important player in nanoscience in the near future, with increasing advances in research and commercialization.