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The state of New York is located in the Northeastern part of the United States of America. It is the third most populated state in the United States with a population of 19,465,197 people as of July 1, 2011. The state covers a total area of 141,300 km2 and shares an international border with Canada. There are 62 cities in the state with the largest and most populous one being New York City. Its capital is Albany.
New York experiences a humid continental climate. The economy of the state is one of the fastest growing in the U.S. In 2010, the Gross State Product was $1.16 trillion, making it the third highest in the U.S.
New York’s hi-tech industry sector is very strong, featuring a multitude of partnerships between academia and industry, good access to funding for new ventures, and a high level of education. Nanotechnology is a rapidly growing field in the area - New York recently ranked second in the USA for nanotechnology research, and fourth in nanotechnology development in a survey by Small Times Magazine.
New York has many world-leading organisations and networks committed to promoting nanoscience as well as exploring the challenges and future of nanotechnology.
A brief introduction to the key nanotechnology-related organisations in New York is given below:
U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium (PVMC) - has created a partnership between SEMATECH and the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering at University of Albany, and the University of Central Florida. The consortium links more than 80 companies, universities, and high tech laboratories to provide a major boost to the photovoltaic manufacturing industry in the U.S.
NY Loves Nanotech - This initiative was organized by the Center for Economic Growth (CEG) with sponsorship support from Empire State Development, National Grid and NYSTAR. Its goal is to develop a solutions-based economic development approach to the semiconductor/nanotechnology industry in New York.
Center for Analysis of Structures and Interfaces (CASI) was established in 1988 through a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation (NSF). CASI has two goals: to conduct exemplary research and to increase the number of minority scientists trained to conduct high-level scientific research.
Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) - CFN is located at Brookhaven National Laboratory. It provides state-of-the-art facilities for the fabrication and study of nanoscale materials with a primary focus on atomic-level tailoring to achieve desired properties and functions.
SEMATECH – This organization’s history goes back to 1986. It was started to enhance industry-government cooperation and strengthen the semiconductor industry in the U.S. A consortium was later formed and named SEmiconductor MAnufacturing TECHnology- SEMATECH, which consisted of 14 U.S.-based semiconductor manufacturers and the U.S. government. They have a branch office in Albany, NY.
Nanotechnology finds applications in a myriad of industries. The list below contains nanotech companies based in New York State, as well as some global nanotech players who either originated in New York or who have a major presence there:
Applied Materials, Inc. - Applied Materials is the global leader in providing innovative equipment, services and software to enable the manufacture of advanced semiconductor, flat panel display and solar photovoltaic products. Their technologies help make innovations like smartphones, flat screen TVs and solar panels more affordable and accessible to consumers and businesses around the world. At Applied Materials, they turn today’s innovations into the industries of tomorrow. They have branch offices in Albany, NY and Hopewell Junction, NY.
ASML - ASML is the world's leading provider of lithography systems for the semiconductor industry, manufacturing complex machines that are critical to the production of integrated circuits or chips. They are headquartered in Veldhoven, the Netherlands. ASML is a world leader in the manufacture of advanced technology systems for the semiconductor industry. They have a branch office in Ballston Lake, NY.
DuPont - For more than 200 years, DuPont has brought world-class science and engineering to the global marketplace through innovative products, materials and services. Their market-driven innovation introduces thousands of new products and patent applications every year, serving markets as diverse as agriculture, nutrition, electronics and communications, safety and protection, home and construction, transportation and apparel.
They have branch offices in Buffalo, NY (principal products available there are Corian® solid surfaces and Tedlar® PVF film), Niagara Falls, NY (principal products available there are sodium and lithium), and Rochester, NY (principal products available there are ink jet inks).
IBM Research Nanoscale Science Department - The IBM research group based in Armonk, NY, uses scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) as structural probes, and, along with electron beam lithography, as tools for the modification of materials at the atomic and nanometer scales and the fabrication and study of nano-electronic devices.
Bluestone Global Tech - Founded in 2011 and based in New York, Bluestone Global Tech is aiming at becoming the leader in the emerging graphene industry, introducing this advanced material to technological applications and bringing greatness to life. Graphene is a highly adaptable and flexible material with an infinite number of disruptive technological applications, most of which have yet to be imagined. BGT’s game-changing technology allows the most innovative minds of our generation to reimagine and reshape the products that enhance our everyday lives. With the production of this unparalleled breakthrough material, BGT is quite literally redefining everything.
Corning - As the world leader in specialty glass and ceramics, Corning invents, makes, and sells keystone components that enable high-technology systems for consumer electronics, mobile emissions control, telecommunications, and life sciences. With a track record of more than 160 years and a sustained investment in R&D, Corning’s life-enhancing innovations deliver extraordinary benefits to everyday products. Corning is constantly driving the next wave of cutting-edge technologies, across their five business segments (Display Technologies, Environmental Technologies, Telecommunications, Life Sciences, and Specialty Materials) around the globe.
General Electric - GE has a strong set of global businesses in infrastructure and finance aligned to meet today’s needs, including the demand for global infrastructure; growing and changing demographics that need access to healthcare, finance and information; and environmental technologies. At GE, research has been the cornerstone of innovation for over a century. Today, GE has approximately 36,000 technologists working across our businesses and global research centers at the intersection of technology and industry to solve some of the world's toughest problems. GE was founded in Schenectady, NY.
Graphene Laboratories, Inc. is focused on developing methods and processes that allow graphene, a novel nanomaterial with unique combination of electrical, thermal, chemical, and structural properties, to be employed in a variety of practical applications, such as next generation solar batteries, flexible electronics, gas storage, energy storage, electronics, biosciences, solar energy harvesting, and composites and ultrafiltration.
Harrick Plasma - Harrick Plasma, formerly a division of Harrick Scientific Corp., is a leading supplier of plasma equipment to the research community. We have been providing quality, low-cost, tabletop plasma devices specifically designed for laboratory, R&D and office use for over 30 years.
Integrated Nano-Technologies LLC (INT) – INT is bringing to market a novel system to detect and identify small quantities of biological material. This system is rapid and can be integrated into a field or point-of-care device making it ideal for a variety of applications including: medical, forensics and environmental diagnostics.
INT’s Palladium System is a portable diagnostic system that identifies biological material based upon its nucleic acid sequences.
Starfire Systems - Based in Schenectady, New York, Starfire Systems was founded in 1988 as a small company that provided advanced technologies in ceramics polymer chemistry. By 1991, the company had licensed a silicon carbide forming polymer from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute that would form the basis for its own silicon carbide polymer, dubbed Starfire SMP-10. As Starfire Systems grew, their product line diversified into a range of polymers, and the company became a leader in Polymer-to-Ceramic® technology. Starfire Systems contracted with Alliant Techsystems (ATK) for NASA in 2004, supplying the polymer material for NOAX™ (Non-Oxide Adhesive Experimental) that would fly on all subsequent space shuttle missions.
Endicott Interconnect Technologies, Inc. - a world leader in high-performance electronics packaging solutions, design, manufacture, test, and deliver printed circuit board fabrication, semiconductor packaging fabrication, and complex assembly solutions. Their technology can be found in the world's fastest supercomputers, life-saving medical devices, complex imaging systems, mission-critical defense applications and thousands of other products, throughout the world.
NaturalNano, Inc. - Founded in 2004 in Rochester, New York, NaturalNano, Inc. develops unique and proprietary processes for refining naturally occurring nanotubes and other nanomaterials that add competitive properties to a range of applications.
NaturalNano, Inc. is a nanomaterials company developing proprietary technologies and processes to provide novel properties for a wide range of applications. Such applications include industrial polymers, plastics and composites; and additives to cosmetics, agricultural, and household products. NaturalNano holds over twenty issued or pending patents and proprietary know-how for extraction and separation processes, of halloysite and other nanotubes, in combination with other materials.
Owlstone Nanotech - Using leading-edge micro- and nano-fabrication techniques, Owlstone has created a complete chemical detection system that is one hundred times smaller and one thousand times cheaper than existing technology's. There are numerous applications - across industries from security and defense to automotive and healthcare - that depend on the rapid, accurate detection and measurement of chemical compounds. Owlstone works with market leaders within these applications to integrate its detector into next generation chemical sensing products and solutions. The Owlstone detector is a revolutionary dime-sized device that can be programmed to detect a wide range of chemical agents that may be present in extremely small quantities.
New York is home to a number of world-leading universities that offer research and educational opportunities in nanotechnology. Given below is a list of universities and academic institutions in New York and the academic courses or research opportunities offered by them in various aspects of nanotechnology.
- University of Albany
- Center of Excellence in Nanoelectronics and Nanotechnology (CENN) - It is a $5 billion investment involved in promoting the State’s important academic nanotechnology development efforts.
- College of Nanoscale Science & Engineering (CNSE) – It is the first college in the world that is exclusively devoted to the research, development and deployment of innovative nanoscience, nanoengineering, nanobioscience and nanoeconomic concepts. The CNSE is a fully-integrated research, development, prototyping, and educational facility that provides important support via outreach, technology acceleration, business incubation, pilot prototyping, and test-based integration support for onsite corporate partners including Applied Materials, IBM, Intel, GlobalFoundries, SEMATECH, TSMC, Samsung, Toshiba, Tokyo Electron, ASML and Novellus Systems.
- Columbia University
- Cornell University
- Center for Nanoscale Systems (CNS) - This center aims to educate and guide students at the undergraduate and graduate level in nanoscale science and engineering, and to assist K-12 institutions in their science education programs.
- Cornell NanoScale Science & Technology Facility (CNF) - This is a national user facility that supports nanoscale science and technology projects by providing state-of-the-art resources coupled with expert staff support. They offers research opportunities in Nanotechnology; Biology, Chemistry, MEMS, Characterization, Materials, Electronics, Life Sciences, and Computation.
- Nanobiotechnology Center – At this Center, researchers learn from biology to create new micro- and nanoscale devices to better understand life processes at the nanoscale. The Center promotes interdisciplinary research by offering equipment, capabilities and training.
- Rochester Institute of Technology
- RIT is among a handful of universities in the United States developing coursework in nanotechnology education to train students in this emerging technology. The university won a $100,000 grant from the NSF in 2003 to create an interdisciplinary pilot concentration to gauge the implications of the new world of nanotechnology. RIT offers the only Microelectronic Engineering BS in the country, along with an MS in Microelectronics Manufacturing.
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- Center for Automation Technologies and Systems (CATS) - CATS employees almost 50 faculty members across 9 departments and 3 schools, plus full- time, dedicated research staff, to help its partner companies develop system-level solutions for high-impact, advanced-manufacturing challenges across a broad array of industries — from biotech and renewable energy to aerospace and nanoscale manufacturing — following a proven university-industry collaboration model to deliver technology-based economic development.
- City University of New York
- Center for Analysis of Structures and Interfaces (CASI) - It was founded in 1988 via a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation (NSF). CASI aims to perform exemplary research and to increase the number of minority scientists trained to conduct high-level scientific research.
Recent reports suggest that New York’s Tech Valley has come to be internationally recognized as a hub of nanotech research and development. A team of regional leaders from the Center for Economic Growth’s (CEG) ‘NY Loves Nanotech’ initiative were in San Francisco this July 2012 to promote New York City and Tech Valley as the place for high-tech business to locate and invest.
The Utica Catholic high school, NY will be offering a new course for students next fall entitled ‘Introduction to Nanotechnology’. The course materials have been designed to focus on how nanotechnology manipulates matter at the atomic and molecular level. About 900 new jobs are to be generated via the planned nanotechnology complex at State University of New York Institute of Technology (SUNYIT), which should be completely developed over the next two years and then provide another 400 plus jobs.
The Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering, or NanoCollege, at the University of Albany, has been extremely active in promoting nanotechnology as well as in research. During 2012, the NanoCollege hosted more than 6,000 students and 60,000 community members for nanotechnology outreach activities, and received $5 million in funding in December 2012 from Governor Cuomo's Regional Economic Development Council Initiative, to design a zero energy nanotechnology building, and to rennovate Kiernan Plaza in Albany as a hub for research, education and training around "smart cities" technology.
The government has invested about $28 million to turn a former General Electric Co. laboratory in Salina into a nanotechnology research and development facility aimed to employ up to 250 people. Work on this facility is still underway. New York’s nano sector is thriving and will likely continue to grow and attract more investment and businesses in the next few years.