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Lithium (Li) Nanoparticles - Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Applications

Introduction

Nanomaterials are known to possess excellent optical, magnetic, catalytic and electronic properties, and are being applied across a wide range of industries in the recent years.

Lithium is a Block S, Period 2 element. It is a soft, light, alkali metal that is widely used in heat transfer applications.

Lithium nanoparticles are graded as highly flammable and corrosive. If in contact with water, they release flammable gases which can ignite spontaneously. They are also known to cause severe skin burns and eye damage.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of lithium nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol Li
CAS No. 7439-93-2
Group 1
Electronic configuration [He] 2s1

Physical Properties

The physical properties of lithium nanoparticles are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 0.534 g/cm3 0.019 lb/in3
Molar mass 6.941 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of lithium nanoparticles are provided in the table below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting point 180.50°C 356.90°F
Boiling point 1342°C 2448°F

Applications

The potential applications of lithium nanoparticles are in the following areas:

  • In lithium ion batteries to both accelerate charge and discharge
  • In research to test their electrical, dielectric, magnetic, optical, catalytic, biomedical and bioscience properties
  • In plastics, nanowires, nanofibers, coatings, and textiles
  • In alloy and catalyst applications.

Source: AZoNano

 

Date Added: Mar 28, 2013 | Updated: Sep 10, 2013
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