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Palladium (Pd) Nanoparticles - Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Manufacturing Process
Applications

Introduction

Nanoparticles research is a rapidly developing area with a wide range of potential applications in optical, biomedical, and electronic fields. They possess excellent structural features and very good functional characteristics.

Palladium is an excellent hydrogenation and dehydrogenation catalyst available in organo-metallic forms. Palladium nanoparticles have found to be effective catalysts in a number of chemical reactions due toi their increased surface area over the bulk metal.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of palladium nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol Pd
CAS No. 5/3/7440
Group 10
Electronic configuration [Kr] 4d10

Physical Properties

The physical properties of palladium nanoparticles are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Molar mass 106.42 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of palladium nanoparticles are provided in the table below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting point 1555°C 2831°F
Boiling point 2963°C 5365°F

Manufacturing Process

Palladium nanoparticles can be formed by alcohol reduction in ethanol with the addition of a hydrochloric acid catalyst. They can be also be formed by a modified polyol method.

Applications

The key applications of palladium nanoparticles are listed below:

  • Catalysts/electrocatalysts
  • Polymer membranes
  • Sensor design application
  • Coatings, plastics, nanofibers and textiles
  • Fuel cells

Source: AZoNano

Date Added: Mar 29, 2013 | Updated: Sep 10, 2013
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