Gallium Antimonide (GaSb) Nanoparticles - Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Applications

Introduction

Nanoparticles draw immense scientific interest as they can effectively form a bridge between bulk materials and atomic or molecular structures.

This article discusses about the properties and applications of gallium antimonide nanoparticles. Gallium is a Block P, Period 4 element, while antimony is a Block P, Period 5 element. Gallium antimonide is a semiconducting compound, and has the highest known refractive index among non-metallic compounds.

Gallium antimonide nanoparticles are graded as harmful to humans and dangerous for the environment.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of gallium antimonide nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol GaSb
CAS No. 12064-03-8
Group Antimony 15
Gallium 13
Electronic configuration Gallium [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
Antimony [Kr] 4d105s2 5p3
Chemical Composition
Element Content (%)
Gallium 63.58
Antimony 36.41

Physical Properties

The physical properties of gallium antimonide nanoparticles are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 5.62 g/cm3 0.203 lb/in3
Molar mass 191.48 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of gallium antimonide nanoparticles are provided in the table below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting point 712°C 1313°F

Applications

The key applications of gallium antimonide nanoparticles are listed below:

  • As a component of photoresists
  • For infrared detectors, infrared LEDs and lasers and transistors
  • For thermophotovoltaic systems.

Source: AZoNano

 

Date Added: Apr 9, 2013 | Updated: Sep 10, 2013
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