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Molybdenum Oxide (MoO3) Nanoparticles - Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Manufacturing Process
Applications

Introduction

Nanomaterials are being adapted into a number of applications across multiple domains such as cosmetics, optical components, biology, physics, chemistry, polymer science, pharmaceutical drug manufacture, toxicology, and mechanical engineering.

This article discusses the properties and applications of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles. Molybdenum is a Block D, Period 5 element, while oxygen is a Block P, Period 2 element. Molybdenum does not occur naturally as a free metal on Earth.

Molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are graded as harmful and can affect the skin and eyes. It may also cause cancer. Molybdenum oxide nanoparticles appear in a powder form.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol MoO3
CAS No. 1313-27-5
Group Molybdenum 6
Oxygen 16
Electronic configuration Molybdenum [Kr] 4d5 5s1
Oxygen [He] 2s2 2p4
Chemical Composition
Element Content (%)
Molybdenum 66.65
Oxygen 33.32

Physical Properties

The physical properties of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 4.70 g/cm3 0.170 lb/in3
Molar mass 143.94 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are provided in the table below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting point 795°C 1460°F
Boiling point 1155°C 2111°F

Manufacturing Process

Molybdenum oxide nanoparticles can be manufactured using the wet chemical purification and roasting processes.

Applications

The key applications of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are as follows:

  • In electrochemical capacitors
  • In coatings, nanowires, nanofibers, plastics, and textiles
  • In specific alloy and catalyst applications
  • As catalysts, oxidation catalysts, cracking catalysts, hydrogenation catalysts, and pigments
  • In ceramics and glass production
  • As a raw material for the production of molybdenum metal.

Source: AZoNano


 

Date Added: Apr 10, 2013 | Updated: Sep 10, 2013
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