Titanium Carbide (TiC) Nanoparticles – Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Applications

Introduction

Scientific research on nanoparticles has discovered the most unexpected behavior of elements by altering their atomic and molecular states. These unexpected properties have found a variety of applications in fields such as biomedicine, pharmaceuticals, electronics, optics, etc. This article deals with the properties and applications of titanium carbide.

Titanium carbide (TiC) nanoparticles show good chemical inertness and good conductivity. These nanoparticles should be stored under vacuum, dry, cool and stress free conditions. Titanium belongs to Block D, Period 4 while carbon belongs to Block P, Period 2 of the periodic table.

Chemical Properties

The following tables list the chemical properties of titanium carbide.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol TiC
CAS No 12070-08-05
Group Titanium 4
Carbon 14
Electronic configuration Titanium [Ar] 3d2 4s2
Carbon [He] 2s2 2p2
Chemical Composition
Element Content (%)
Titanium 79.91
Carbon 20.3

Physical Properties

Titanium carbide nanoparticles appear in the form of a black powder having a spherical surface area. The table below provides the physical properties of these nanoparticles.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 4.93 g/cm3 0.178 lb/in3
Molar Mass 59.89 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of titanium carbide nanoparticles are given in the table below:

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting Point 3160 °C 5720 °F
Boiling Point 4820 °C 8708 °F

Applications

Given below are some of the chief applications of titanium carbide:

  • In the manufacture of wear-resistant tools, cutting tools
  • As a coating for abrasive steel bearings, wear resistant tools
  • In the form of nano titanium carbide ceramic in optics applications
  • Enhance the conductivity of materials and as a nucleating agent.

Source: AZoNano

Date Added: Apr 12, 2013 | Updated: Jul 11, 2013
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