Titanium Boride (TiB2) Nanoparticles - Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Applications

Introduction

Nanoparticle research has progressed by leaps and bounds mainly due to the unexpected properties exhibited by elements by altering their atomic and molecular properties. Nanoparticles dominate many of the applications in fields like biomedicine, electronics, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. This article will elaborate on the properties and applications of titanium boride nanoparticles.

Titanium boride (TiB2) nanoparticles are black spherical particles having a high surface area. They are available in coated, dispersed, high and ultra high purity forms. These particles exhibit very good ceramic properties.

Some of the key properties of these nanoparticles are high hardness, high temperature chemical stability, high melting point, acid-resistance, wear resistance and thermal shock resistance.

Titanium belongs to Block D, Period 4 while boron belongs to Block P, Period 2 of the periodic table. It is important that these particles are stored under vacuum and dry conditions and should not be subjected to stress.

Chemical Properties

The following tables list the chemical properties of titanium boride.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol TiB2
CAS No 12045-63-5
Group Titanium 4
Boron 13
Electronic configuration Titanium [Ar] 3d2 4s2
Boron [He] 2s2 2p1
Chemical Composition
Element Content (%)
Titanium 68.88
Boron 31.15

Physical Properties

Titanium boride nanoparticles appear in the form of a black powder having a spherical surface area. The table below provides the physical properties of these nanoparticles.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 4.52 g/cm3 0.163 lb/in3
Molar Mass 69.48 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of titanium boride nanoparticles cannot be determined.

Applications

Given below are some of the chief applications of titanium boride:

  • Making of vacuum aluminizing equipment
  • Production of ceramic cutting tools such as extrusion dies, metal wortles, cutting tools and sandblasting nozzles
  • In multi-element composite materials
  • Making of armor protection materials
  • Making of components that require good thermal stability.

Source: AZoNano
 

Date Added: Apr 12, 2013 | Updated: Jul 9, 2013
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