Lanthanum Trifluoride (LaF3) Nanoparticles – Properties, Applications

Topics Covered

Introduction
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Applications

Introduction

Nanoparticle research has uncovered a number of unexpected properties of basic elements by altering the physical properties of basic elements. This article will elaborate on the properties and applications of lanthanum trifluoride nanoparticles.

Lanthanum trifluoride (LaF3) nanoparticles exhibit good physical and chemical stability. These particles can be dispersed in any kind of lubricating medium. Some of the other names by which these particles are known as are lanthanum fluoride and trifluorolanthanum. Lanthanum belongs to Block F, Period 6 while fluorine belongs to Block P, Period 2 of the periodic table.

Chemical Properties

The following tables list the chemical properties of lanthanum trifluoride nanoparticles.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol LaF3
CAS No 13709-38-1
Group Lanthanum 3
Fluorine 17
Electronic configuration Lanthanum [Xe] 5d1 6s2
Fluorine [He] 2s2 2p5
Chemical Composition
Element Content (%)
Lanthanum 70.90
Fluorine 29.08

Physical Properties

Lanthanum trifluoride nanoparticles appear in the form of white spherical metal particles having a high specific area. The table below provides the physical properties of these nanoparticles.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 5.936 g/cm3 0.214 lb/in3
Molar Mass 195.90 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of lanthanum trifluoride nanoparticles are given in the table below:-

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting Point 1493° C 2719° F

Applications

Given below are some of the chief applications of lanthanum trifluoride nanoparticles:

  • As additives to anti-frictional lubricants
  • In oxygen-sensitive applications such as metal production
  • In oil refining, etching, pharmaceuticals and synthetic organic chemistry

Source: AZoNano
 

Date Added: Apr 18, 2013 | Updated: Sep 10, 2013
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