Cryogenic equipment creates, maintains or functions at very low temperatures, generally less than -180 Degree C. Standard equipment used in cryogenic systems includes cold traps, pressure vessels, piping, and purifiers.
Usually, this equipment holds or aids in the movement of supercooled liquids, like liquid argon, helium or nitrogen.
Suitable insulation is often crucial to the efficiency of cryogenic components, as it ensures that desired temperatures are retained inside the equipment. Likewise, insulation safeguards users from hazardous temperatures and materials during handling.
Standard uses for cryogenic equipment include freezing and cooling; maximizing chemical reactions; biomedical and chemical storage; and metalworking. Numerous liquid cryogens are also used as fuel in aerospace applications. Additionally, many laboratories use cryogenic equipment for technology and electronics testing.