Editorial Feature

Erbium (Er) Nanoparticles- Properties, Applications

Nanoparticles research has garnered extensive interest as they find applications in myriad fields.

Erbium is Block F, Period 6 element. It is a rare earth element that does not oxidize as quickly as some other rare-earth metals. The morphology of Erbium nanoparticles is spherical, and they appear as a slivery powder.

Erbium nanoparticles are graded as highly flammable.

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of erbium nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.

Chemical Data
Chemical symbol Er
CAS No. 7440-52-0
Group 3
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f12 6s2

Physical Properties

The physical properties of erbium nanoparticles are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 9.066 g/cm3 0.0003 lb/in3
Molar mass 382.56 g/mol -

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of erbium nanoparticles are provided in the table below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting point 1497°C 2727°F
Boiling point 2868°C 5194°F

Applications

Researchers are assessing the possibilities of applying erbium nanocrystals as dopants in lanthanum fluoride, silicon and silicon matrix, glass and optical fibers, and also in phosphors, nanophosphors, and doped phosphorous nanoparticles.

Erbium oxide nanoparticles can be applied in the following products:

  • High-temperature corrosion-resistant coatings
  • Capacitors
  • Dopants for optical fiber and laser materials
  • Up-conversion material
  • Metal-oxide-semiconductor transistors
  • Tuned insulator for Josephson junctions

Source: AZoNano

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