Nanotechnology has advanced leaps and bounds in the recent past. Applications of nanoparticles have entered into a variety of fields such as electronics, cosmetics, medicine and bio technology. This article will look into the properties and applications of zirconium oxide nanoparticles.
Zirconium oxide nanoparticles (ZrO2) are available in the form of nanodots, nanofluids and nanocrystals having a white surface area. They are often doped with yttrium oxide, calcia or magnesia. Zirconium is a Block D, Period 5 element and oxygen is a Block P, Period 2 element. Zirconium oxide is also known as zirconia, zirconium, zircosol and zirconic anhydride.
The chemical properties of zirconium oxide nanoparticles are as per the table below.
||Zirconium [Kr] 4d2 5s2
Oxygen [He] 2s2 2p4
Zirconium oxide nanoparticles appear in the form of a white powder. The physical properties are listed below.
The thermal properties of zirconium oxide nanoparticles are as per the table below.
The applications of zirconium oxide nanoparticles are given below:
- in ceramics for making ceramic pigments, porce lain glaze, etc.
- In making artificial jewellery.
- In making abrasive, insulating and fire-retarding materials.
- The powder exhibits pyrooptical properties, hence used for optical storage, light shutters and stereo television glasses.