Editorial Feature

What is Nanoinformatics?

Nanoinformatics is the intersection of informatics and nanotechnology. This interdisciplinary topic investigates approaches and online tools for better comprehending nanomaterials, their properties, and their relationships with biological organisms. 

What is Nanoinformatics?

Image Credit: metamorworks/Shutterstock.com

Nanoinformatics is required for the intelligent development and comparative characterization of nanomaterials via detector and manufacturing techniques. Nanoinformatics increases scientific discovery and learning by using data mining and machine learning.

Background of Nanoinformatics

Contrary to normal chemicals, nanomaterials have additional physical characteristics that must be measured to fully describe their chemical structure and content. Also, nanoparticles formulations are often non-uniform, requiring property distributions to be described. These molecular qualities impact their macro biochemical, physiological, and ecological aspects.

They are vital in both the scientific and computational characterization of nanoparticles.  As a result, nanoinformatics is a field that combines information on health, security, well-being, and efficiency with risk management and developing nanotechnology.

History of Nanoinformatics

The First Worldwide Conference held on Occupational Medical Consequences of Nanostructured materials, held 12–14 October 2004 at the Palace Hotel in Buxton, Derbyshire, UK. It was an important global seminar with a meaningful debate about the need for communicating all kinds of information on nanotechnology and nanomaterials.

The terminology "nanoinformatics" was coined in 2010 by a research group of scientists named Nanoinformatics 2010.

The committee was compelled to evaluate the interdisciplinary character of this area of research as well as the continual growth of its definition to reflect the creation of new technologies, tools, and techniques. The 2015 Nanoinformatics Seminar supported the "Nanoinformatics Road Map 2020" as the most comprehensive approach.

Applications of Nanoinformatics

In fundamental research, commerce, and environmental health, nanoinformatics can rapidly evaluate vast volumes of data. Nanoinformatics is used to identify and treat cancer, health and environmental issues, and investigate nanoparticle-drug structures.  

It plays an important role in researching, designing, and manufacturing nanoparticles. It may also be used to record and analyze experimental test outcomes from nanoparticle administration to various environmental and physical targets and situations.

Nanoinformatics in Nanomedicine

Nanotechnologists started researching nanomaterials for medicine over a decade ago, with this investigation highlighting several obstacles and possibilities. Some of these obstacles are directly connected to informatics, such as managing and integrating heterogeneous data, developing nomenclatures, ontologies, and taxonomies for diverse nanomaterials, and researching novel nanoparticle modeling and simulation methodologies.

Challenges in the Field of Nanoinformatics

Computational chemistry, artificial intelligence and machine learning can link structural attributes to functional aspects of nanomaterials. However, this is not an easy task.

Machine learning was designed for massive data sets with few consistent characteristics. Typically, nanomaterials data sets are limited, have computational complexity, and have many biases.

Impact of Nanoinformatics

The quantity of data on nanoparticle toxicity is growing, implying that a variety of features may interact and affect the extent, behavior, and environmental and health impact of adverse consequences - as well as the efficacy of existing therapies.

The type, volume, and technique of delivery of nanoparticles may have diverse impacts on applications, according to preliminary findings from in vitro investigations.

Nanoinformatics, or the study of the processes and consequences of nanoscale materials, is the most pressing issue confronting nano-medical technology today. This necessitates the management of this data and its connection to individual patient data.

Continue reading: Advancing Nano-Imaging Using 2D Materials

References and Further Reading

Panneerselvam, S. and Choi, S., (2014) Nanoinformatics: Emerging Databases and Available Tools. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 15(5), pp.7158-7182. https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/15/5/7158

Afantitis, A., Melagraki, G., Isigonis, P., Tsoumanis, A., Varsou, D. D., Valsami-Jones, E. & Lynch, I. (2020) NanoSolveIT Project: Driving nanoinformatics research to develop innovative and integrated tools for in silico nanosafety assessment. Computational and structural biotechnology journal18, 583-602. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2001037019305112?via%3Dihub

Kulikowski, C. A. (2002). The micro-macro spectrum of medical informatics challenges: from molecular medicine to transforming health care in a globalizing society. Methods of information in medicine41(01), 20-24. DOI: https://www.thieme-connect.de/products/ejournals/abstract/10.1055/s-0038-1634308

De la Iglesia, D., Harper, S., Hoover, M. D., Klaessig, F., Lippell, P., Maddux, B. & Tuominen, M. T. (2011). Nanoinformatics 2020 roadmap. https://zenodo.org/record/1486012

Disclaimer: The views expressed here are those of the author expressed in their private capacity and do not necessarily represent the views of AZoM.com Limited T/A AZoNetwork the owner and operator of this website. This disclaimer forms part of the Terms and conditions of use of this website.

Usman Ahmed

Written by

Usman Ahmed

Usman holds a master's degree in Material Science and Engineering from Xian Jiaotong University, China. He worked on various research projects involving Aerospace Materials, Nanocomposite coatings, Solar Cells, and Nano-technology during his studies. He has been working as a freelance Material Engineering consultant since graduating. He has also published high-quality research papers in international journals with a high impact factor. He enjoys reading books, watching movies, and playing football in his spare time.

Citations

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Ahmed, Usman. (2022, February 18). What is Nanoinformatics?. AZoNano. Retrieved on February 28, 2024 from https://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=6009.

  • MLA

    Ahmed, Usman. "What is Nanoinformatics?". AZoNano. 28 February 2024. <https://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=6009>.

  • Chicago

    Ahmed, Usman. "What is Nanoinformatics?". AZoNano. https://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=6009. (accessed February 28, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Ahmed, Usman. 2022. What is Nanoinformatics?. AZoNano, viewed 28 February 2024, https://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=6009.

Tell Us What You Think

Do you have a review, update or anything you would like to add to this article?

Leave your feedback
Your comment type
Submit
Azthena logo

AZoM.com powered by Azthena AI

Your AI Assistant finding answers from trusted AZoM content

Azthena logo with the word Azthena

Your AI Powered Scientific Assistant

Hi, I'm Azthena, you can trust me to find commercial scientific answers from AZoNetwork.com.

A few things you need to know before we start. Please read and accept to continue.

  • Use of “Azthena” is subject to the terms and conditions of use as set out by OpenAI.
  • Content provided on any AZoNetwork sites are subject to the site Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.
  • Large Language Models can make mistakes. Consider checking important information.

Great. Ask your question.

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.