Nanooptics Overview

Nanostructures allow scientists to manipulate light in ways not previously possible. Based on nanofabricating several one hundred nanometer-sized bars into regular structures, photonic lattices allow the steering of light beams around corners and reflect them with near 100 percent efficiency. This capability represents the new generation of nanocomponents that may herald in an age of optical computing. Already structuring semiconductors at the nanoscale, led to the development of the vertical cavity surface emitting laser or VCSEL, the most efficient low-power light source available and fast becoming a key 21st century technology for communications.

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