The prospects for using nanomaterials with diameters of <100 nm in a number of applications is being widely researched around the world today.
This article discusses the properties and applications of europium oxide nanoparticles. Europium is a Block F, Period 6 element, while oxygen is a Block P, Period 2 element.
Europium oxide nanoparticles appear in white powder form. They are graded as an irritant, and can cause skin, eye, and respiratory irritations. These particles are insoluble in water, and moderately soluble in strong mineral acids.
The chemical properties of europium oxide nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.
||Europium [Xe] 4f7 6s2
Oxygen [He] 2s2 2p4
The physical properties of europium oxide nanoparticles are given in the following table.
The thermal properties of europium oxide nanoparticles are provided in the table below.
The key applications of europium oxide nanoparticles are as follows:
- In phosphors for lamp
- In color TV, X-ray and other luminescent materials
- In glass and crystal