Nanoparticles draw immense scientific interest as they can effectively form a bridge between bulk materials and atomic or molecular structures.
This article discusses about the properties and applications of gallium antimonide nanoparticles. Gallium is a Block P, Period 4 element, while antimony is a Block P, Period 5 element. Gallium antimonide is a semiconducting compound, and has the highest known refractive index among non-metallic compounds.
Gallium antimonide nanoparticles are graded as harmful to humans and dangerous for the environment.
The chemical properties of gallium antimonide nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.
||Gallium [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
Antimony [Kr] 4d105s2 5p3
The physical properties of gallium antimonide nanoparticles are given in the following table.
The thermal properties of gallium antimonide nanoparticles are provided in the table below.
The key applications of gallium antimonide nanoparticles are listed below:
- As a component of photoresists
- For infrared detectors, infrared LEDs and lasers and transistors
- For thermophotovoltaic systems.