Nanotechnology and nanoparticle research have opened doors to novel and innovative solutions that have not been explored before. The principle upon which this technology is built is the altering of the atomic and molecular states of elements in order to bring out properties that are not exhibited by elements in their original states.
Yttrium iron oxide (Y3Fe5O12) nanopowder are available in ultra high purity passivated form, dispersed, nanofluidic, nanowhiskers and nanocomposits. This material finds applications in manufacture of fuel layer cells, bio nano materials, bio sensors, textiles etc. Yttrium belongs to Block D, Period 5 and Iron to Block D, Period 4 and oxygen to the Block P and 2nd Period in the periodic table. Some of the other names by which this powder is known are yttrium ferrite garnet, Iron yttrium oxide and yttrium iron garnet (YIG).
The chemical properties of yttrium iron oxide are given in the table below.
||Yttrium Kr 4d1 5s2
Oxygen 1s2 2s2 2p4
Yttrium iron oxide appears in the form of a green powder.
The physical properties of yttrium iron oxide are provided in the table below.
The melting and boiling points of yttrium iron oxide has not been determined.
Given below are some of the chief applications of yttrium iron oxide nanopowder.
- In the making of fuel cells, solar energy materials.
- Innovative technological solutions such as quantum dots.
- The biomedical, magnetic, optical and catalytic properties of yttrium iron oxide find applications in making of plastics, coatings, textiles, optical filters and catalysts.