Nanoparticles are important scientific tools as they act as a link between bulk materials and atomic or molecular structures. They have exceptional optical properties and the potential to produce quantum effects.
Ruthenium is one of the most effective hardeners for palladium and platinum, and hence it is alloyed with these metals to make electrical contacts for laboratory equipment and severe wear resistant electronics. Ruthenium nanoparticles also serve as versatile catalysts.
The chemical properties of ruthenium nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.
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The physical properties of ruthenium nanoparticles are given in the following table.
The thermal properties of ruthenium nanoparticles are provided in the table below.
Ruthenium nanoparticles can be prepared by selective hydrogenation of p-chloronitrobenzene to p-chloroaniline using low boiling alcohol or a mixture of ethanol/water as solvent and microwave irradiation as a heating source.
The key applications of ruthenium nanoparticles are listed below:
- Electrochemical capacitors
- Hydrogenation catalyst
- Polymer membranes
- Hardening agent for platinum or palladium alloys
- Coatings, plastics, nanofibers, textiles and nanowires.