Nanomaterials are being adapted into a number of applications across multiple domains such as cosmetics, optical components, biology, physics, chemistry, polymer science, pharmaceutical drug manufacture, toxicology, and mechanical engineering.
This article discusses the properties and applications of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles. Molybdenum is a Block D, Period 5 element, while oxygen is a Block P, Period 2 element. Molybdenum does not occur naturally as a free metal on Earth.
Molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are graded as harmful and can affect the skin and eyes. It may also cause cancer. Molybdenum oxide nanoparticles appear in a powder form.
The chemical properties of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are outlined in the following table.
||Molybdenum [Kr] 4d5 5s1
Oxygen [He] 2s2 2p4
The physical properties of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are given in the following table.
The thermal properties of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are provided in the table below.
Molybdenum oxide nanoparticles can be manufactured using the wet chemical purification and roasting processes.
The key applications of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles are as follows:
- In electrochemical capacitors
- In coatings, nanowires, nanofibers, plastics, and textiles
- In specific alloy and catalyst applications
- As catalysts, oxidation catalysts, cracking catalysts, hydrogenation catalysts, and pigments
- In ceramics and glass production
- As a raw material for the production of molybdenum metal.