Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed insulin nanoparticles that may one day become the basis for an oral medicine, and an alternative to insulin injections for diabetic patients.
Engineering researchers have developed a new technique for eliminating particularly tough blood clots, using engineered nanodroplets and an ultrasound "drill" to break up the clots from the inside out. The technique has not yet gone through clinical testing. In vitro testing has shown promising results.
Scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have found that ultra-rapid dialysis processes could be achieved by carbon nanotube membrane pores, resulting in considerably reduced treatment time for patients undergoing hemodialysis.
Over the last few decades, scientists have established the biological pathways that cause neurodegenerative diseases and have created potential molecular agents to target these pathways.
Researchers have identified the physical mechanism that allows gold nanoparticles to effectively kill bacteria. The finding could lead to wider applications in the medical field.
Cancer can be treated by using ultrasound in conjunction with molecules sensitizing the system to sound waves. Such sonosensitizers tend to produce toxic reactive oxygen species that attack and destroy tumor cells.
Antibiotics are drugs that help prevent and treat bacterial infections. They have had a huge role to play in fighting infectious diseases such as pneumonia, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and meningitis in the 20th century.
Nanoparticles are promising drug delivery tools, offering the ability to administer drugs directly to a specific part of the body and avoid the awful side effects so often seen with chemotherapeutics.
The quantum sensing abilities of nanodiamonds can be used to improve the sensitivity of paper-based diagnostic tests, potentially allowing for earlier detection of diseases such as HIV, according to a study led by UCL researchers in the i-sense McKendry group.
Measurement of Cancer Biomarker Enrichment in Exosomes