The AZoNano.com "Nanotech Thought Leaders" series is a collection of articles that cover the key technology areas where Nanotechnology is making an impact and where it will make an increasing impact. All the articles are written by experts who have been invited as recognised leaders in their fields to provide a "state of the art" contribution.
The existing tools available to perform infrared spectroscopy and microscopy at the nanometer scale are limited considering all the different near-field microscopes.
Despite graphenes impressive list of promising prospects, it does not have a band-gap, once it is conducting it cannot be switched-off.
One of the scientific revolutions of the 20th century is Quantum Mechanics. It is a weird theory, extremely different from our day to day experiences, in which, for example, a particle can act as a wave or can be in several places at once.
Sixty years ago, the famous structure of the DNA double helix was solved, bringing about the birth of modern molecular biology.
Nanomechanical test methods such as nanoindentation and nano-scratch are now well established techniques.
The early research involving manipulation and nano-mechanical testing of individual nanostructures was demonstrated by use of atomic force microscope (AFM) and scanning tunneling microscope (STM) based systems.
The arrangement of carbon atoms differentiates a pencil lead from a pricey diamond.
Capacitive deionisation (CDI) is a promising alternative technology in desalination which is particularly suitable for small-scale inland brackish water desalination due to its lower energy demand and low maintenance requirements.
Low-dimensional allotropes of carbon (including two-dimensional graphene and one-dimensional carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons), collectively known as carbon nanomaterials, have extraordinary physical properties that can be exploited for their exciting prospects in a variety of electronics applications.
Over the past several decades there has been an explosive growth in research and development related to nano materials.