Future Outlooks on the Use of Paper in Optoelectronic Devices

The latest article available as a pre-proof in the journal iScience has discussed the development and properties of paper-based organic optoelectronic devices.

Future Outlooks on the Use of Paper in Optoelectronic Devices

Study: Flexible organic optoelectronic devices on paper. Image Credit: NABODIN/Shutterstock.com

What are Optoelectronic Devices?

Optoelectronic devices have risen in popularity in past years since they are essential parts of visual network infrastructure.

These devices could simply be termed as electrical-to-optical or optical-to-electrical actuators, as well as equipment that utilizes electronics. Light-emitting diodes, solar cell equipment, photodiodes, and photonic devices are just a few of the many uses for optoelectronic gadgets. 

Optoelectronics has become an integral component of our daily life. Compact photodiodes are required to convert electrical impulses into photons and vice versa whenever the light is utilized to carry information.

Recently, nanotechnology has revolutionized the optoelectronic industry.

Complex molecular chemical nanowires are attractive nanotechnology applications for optoelectronics owing to their strong adsorption efficiency and amazing photosensitivity given the small number of intergranular boundaries.

Paper – Its Raw Materials and History

Paper has played a big part in human civilization as the consistent record bearer of modern civilization.

The production of paper has constantly grown as paper production technology has improved. Paper has had various uses in the study sector in recent years.

The fundamental raw ingredient of paper is cellulose. Traditional paper is manufactured by dehydrating a dilute solution of cellulose fibers, followed by filtering, compressing, and warming. In recent years, many types of nano paper have been employed in research.

Advantageous Properties of Paper

Materials deposited on rougher surfaces are likely to produce comparable surface characteristics, resulting in inconsistent gadget depth. Furthermore, the device's leakage current would rise on rough surfaces, reducing operating effectiveness.

Because commercial paper contains a lot of spikes and protrusions on its exterior, its exterior roughness is fairly high. The mobile foundation provides great support for the organic optoelectronic device, and it is crucial to the device's adjustable interface.

Paper mechanical characteristics are often defined by factors such as the stress-strain curve and elastic modulus.

Organic Thin Film Optoelectronic Transistor

A transistor is a discrete semiconductor system that performs various activities, including sensing, rectifying, amplifying, toggling, voltage stability, and data manipulation.

As a controlled current toggle, the transistor may adjust the outputs current dependent on the input voltage.

Organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) are extremely efficient and are classified into three types based on their device fabrication: bottom-gate structures, top-gate structures, and in-plane-gate structures. The most typical structure is the bottom-gate structure.

Organic Solar Paper Optoelectronic Devices

Energy scarcity has become an urgent problem that must be addressed; the substitution of pure and renewable technology, such as renewable radiation, can help to ease this situation.

Organic solar cells (OSCs) are a well-known and alternative way for converting sunlight into electrical energy.

Cellulosic CNS is projected to be used as a TE material in a variety of electrical devices. 

Introduction to Organic Electrochromic Devices

Electrochromism is a phenomenon in which the visual characteristics of substances (radiance, transparency, absorption coefficient, and so on) undergo persistent and repeatable color changes under the influence of external electromagnetic current, resulting in bidirectional color and opacity modifications.

Electrochromic devices play an important role in energy-efficient buildings, IoT devices, and inexpensive advertising technologies.

Organic Light-Emitting Devices

Organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) have seen increased use in the projection and illumination areas.

Compared to traditional LEDs, OLED has several benefits, including a broad field of view, rapid response time, and low weight.

Paper-based OLED research has generally used two approaches: constructing a buffer layer on a standard paper platform and employing cellulose to build a new kind of platform.

Commercial paper substrates' surface roughness and inadequate water resistance severely limit their use in OLEDs. As a result, compared to normal paper, translucent nano paper made of cellulose and non-traditional crafts is a better solution for paper-based OLED.

To summarize, the paper platform has a wide range of applications as a substrate material for biological optoelectronic devices. Paper substrates have a highly promising potential for use due to their unique characteristics.

Continue reading: Sustainable Recovery of Rare Earth Elements with Cellulose Nanocrystals


Pan , T., Liu, S., Zhang, L. & Xie, W., (2022) Flexible organic optoelectronic devices on paper. iScience. Available at:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2589004222000529

Disclaimer: The views expressed here are those of the author expressed in their private capacity and do not necessarily represent the views of AZoM.com Limited T/A AZoNetwork the owner and operator of this website. This disclaimer forms part of the Terms and conditions of use of this website.

Ibtisam Abbasi

Written by

Ibtisam Abbasi

Ibtisam graduated from the Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad with a B.S. in Aerospace Engineering. During his academic career, he has worked on several research projects and has successfully managed several co-curricular events such as the International World Space Week and the International Conference on Aerospace Engineering. Having won an English prose competition during his undergraduate degree, Ibtisam has always been keenly interested in research, writing, and editing. Soon after his graduation, he joined AzoNetwork as a freelancer to sharpen his skills. Ibtisam loves to travel, especially visiting the countryside. He has always been a sports fan and loves to watch tennis, soccer, and cricket. Born in Pakistan, Ibtisam one day hopes to travel all over the world.


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