The AZoNano.com "Nanotech Thought Leaders" series is a collection of articles that cover the key technology areas where Nanotechnology is making an impact and where it will make an increasing impact. All the articles are written by experts who have been invited as recognised leaders in their fields to provide a "state of the art" contribution.
Organic solar cells or organic photovoltaics (OPV) based on conjugated polymers have attracted attention over the past decades because they may provide a cost-effective route to wide use of solar energy for electrical power generation.
In the next five years, the market for nanoenabled products is expected to top a trillion dollars. Yet, despite the many promises upon which nanoscience may deliver, our understanding of these materials and the means to control their structures/properties remain tenuous.
Biomedical microdevices include any miniaturized devices or systems for biomedical from simple sensors for monitoring a single biological, to complex micro total analysis or lab-on-a-chip instruments that integrate multiple laboratory functions together with microfluidic sample manipulation.
NanoElectroMechanical Systems (NEMS) have critical structural elements at or below 100 nm. This distinguishes them from MicroElectroMechancial Systems (MEMS), where the critical structural elements are on the micrometer length scale.
Professor Brad Nelson and his colleagues at The Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems have recently demonstrated three distinct types of microrobots of progressively smaller size that are wirelessly powered and controlled by magnetic fields.
Even minute amounts of nanosilver protect against bacterial growth, nanoparticles in cosmetics efficiently block ultraviolet light, and thanks to nanopaints, surfaces are always perfectly clean.
Since the discovery that nanosized-gold particles, highly dispersed on certain oxide supports, are active catalysts for a variety of reactions, numerous studies have addressed the structure and mechanisms associated with this activity.
DNA is a truly amazing material. Mechanically, DNA can be rigid or flexible, tunable by its composition and length. Physically, DNA is very small - only 2 nanometer in diameter; yet its length is customizable with a resolution about 0.34 nm.
Graphene is the newest member in the family of carbon allotropes. Although isolated graphene was reported for the first time only in 2004, the progress it made over these years is enormous, and it rightly has been dubbed "the wonder material".
Contemporary development of metallic implant materials is driven by the biocompatibility requirements and also by the need for improved mechanical performance of biomedical implants.