Field-effect transistors (FETs) based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs)
exhibit a range of optoelectronic effects including near-infrared electroluminescence.
Emission spots: A composite image of electroluminescence from an array of carbon nanotubes during a gate voltage scan.
The effect results from the injection of holes and electrons from opposite
electrodes into the nanotube, where they recombine and emit light.
Advances in the understanding of the charge transport and the factors that
affect electroluminescence efficiency in SWNTs are necessary to develop nanoscale
for Nanoscale Materials, working with scientists at the University of Illinois
at Urbana-Champaign, have demonstrated electroluminescence by using highly aligned
arrays of SWNTs. Using electrolytes instead of traditional oxide dielectrics
facilitates injection and accumulation of high densities of holes and electrons
at very low gate voltages.
Numerous emission spots corresponding to individual nanotubes were observed.
Additional tunability of the optoelectronic properties is achieved by introducing
thin layers of HfO2 and TiO2 to the gate dielectric.
More information: J. Zaumseil, X. Ho, J. R. Guest, G. P. Wiederrecht, J. A.
Rogers, ACS Nano,