Nanoparticles have a strong tendency to form periodic structures. Mixing and
matching of two different types of nanoparticles allows the formation of binary
nanoparticle superlattices isostructural to ionic or intermetallic compounds.
In addition to periodic superlattices, binary mixtures of nearly spherical nanoparticles
could lead to the growth of quasi-crystals.
TEM showing the two-dimensional dodecagonal quasi-crystalline structure self-assembled from 5-nm Au and 13.4-nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles.
Argonne CNM staff in the
Nanobio Interfaces Group, together with colleagues from the University of Chicago
and the University of Pennsylvania, have found that two-dimensional dodecagonal
quasi-crystals can be formed in mixtures of 3-nm Pd and 9-nm PbS, 5-nm Au and
13.4-nm Fe2O3, and 4.7-nm Au and 12.6-nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles.
Studies of self-assembly of quasi-crystalline nanoparticle superstructures
will provide insight into the formation of the quasi-crystalline phase in atomic
systems. The assembly of the dodecagonal quasi-crystalline phase from different
nanoparticle combinations shows that quasi-crystalline ordering can be a quite
common phenomenon in nanocrystal solids.
More information: "Quasi-crystalline order in self-assembled binary nanoparticle
superlattices," D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, M. I. Bodnarchuk, X. Ye,
J. Chen, and C. B. Murray, Nature 461, 964-967 (15 October 2009), doi:10.1038/nature08439