What are the defining discoveries and great developments that
are shaping the way we use materials and technologies today?
Elsevier’s Materials Today magazine
(http://www.materialstoday.com) has compiled a list of the top ten most
significant advances in materials science over the last 50 years.
The top ten includes advances that have altered all our daily
lives. Some have completely changed the research arena, and others have
opened up new possibilities and capabilities. They are:
- The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors
- Scanning probe microscopes
- Giant magnetoresistive effect
- Semiconductor lasers and light-emitting diodes
- National Nanotechnology Initiative
- Carbon fiber reinforced plastics
- Materials for Li ion batteries
- Carbon nanotubes
- Soft lithography
Surprisingly, top of the list is not a research discovery, but
a way of organizing research priorities and planning R&D. The
International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) drives the
incredible progress of the microelectronics industry by setting out
goals for innovation and technology needs. A mixture of science,
technology, and economics, it is hard to see how the ITRS could do
better in driving forward advances in this area.
“I believe it is an appropriate first choice in our
list,” says Jonathan Wood, editor of Materials Today.
“Not only is electronics critical to our modern world,
progress in semiconductor processing and advances in materials science
have gone hand-in-hand for the last 50 years.”
Materials science studies what makes up our world –
the metals, semiconductors, plastics we use to make all our devices,
products, and technologies. It can be how to make smaller, faster
transistors to give more powerful computers; understanding the
electrical properties of polymers to produce cheap displays for cell
phones; or analyzing how tissues in the body bond to medical implants.
“I want this list to be a celebration of the
achievements of materials science,” says Wood. “Too
often, this diverse, dynamic field gets squeezed out by the big boys of
chemistry and physics. Yet it is crucial to so much of